University Of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore

Contact Details
Dr. M. Byre Gowda
Pigeonpea & Dolichos Breeder
University of Agricultural Sciences
GKVK, Bangalore - 560 065
+91 80 22736043
+91 9741414657

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Supporting research & education in the biological sciences.

The Kirkhouse Trust was set up in September 2000. It is a small Scottish charity (No. SC 030508), funded by gift aid donations from Oxford Gene Technology IP Ltd, a UK company founded by Professor Sir Ed Southern. more...

Crop Production > Agronomy & Soils

Agronomy & Soils

Romeu Inforzatoi and H. A. A. Mascarenhas (1967): Root system of Dolichos lablab in massape-salmourao soil.
Kunjamma Hrishi et al., (1970): Preliminary studies on the effect of sowing season on Lablab Niger.
Magness et al., (1971): Hyacinth bean: Agronomy.

Scarification of seed is not required as percentage of hard seeds is very few. In monocultures, the seed rate is 12 − 20 kg/ha. Rows should be 80 − 120 cm apart with 30 − 50 cm between plants when planted with grasses, seed rate should be 5 − 8 kg/ha. It will not establish readily in the existing pastures without some form of soil disturbance. Germination is quick if seed quality is good. It is common to grow Lablab without fertilizer application. But sandy soils require application of phosphorus and sulphur and it is also beneficial if lime is applied in acid soils.

When used for forage in large areas, Lablab is often sown with annual grasses such as annual sorghums and millets and such mixtures can be strip-grazed through late summer into autumn. Light grazing to remove leaf only will prolong the productive life of Lablab pasture. In small farms, Lablab can be intercropped with maize. Lablab should be sown 28 days after the maize to avoid severe cereal crop yield depression from composition.

Companion species are sorghum (Sorghum spp) and millets (Pennisetum glaucum). Summer cereal crops are maize (Zea mays) and sorghum (S.biocolour). In Brazil, it is sown with Panicum maximum pastures. It is reported as a weed in cropped areas in some humid-tropical locations where individual plants may live upto 3 years, but no report as an environmental weed.

Seasonal yields of 2 t/ha leaf or 4 t/ha stem and leaf are common in sub-humid tropics. Dry matter yield is usually higher than for cowpea, particularly under drought conditions. For human nutrition 2 − 7 t/ha green pods. In monoculture 1-2.5 t/ha of dry matter depending on cultivar.

Lablab is highly sensitive to 2,4-D, M.C. P.A., 2,4-D-B and decamba.

Its strengths are that it is a dual purpose crop and can be used with cereals in small holder systems. Can be sown with summer grass crops to provide a mixed forage crop system. Forage quality is high. It improves the soil fertility as a green manure crop. It is drought tolerant once established. High grain yields and better resistance to root diseases than cowpea.

Its limitations are it is an annual or short-lived perennial, poor frost-resistance, host to pest attacking field beans, and indeterminate flowering, leading to extended seeding period in current cultivars.

The other advantages are that it has a considerable potential as a multipurpose legume in crop-livestock systems where rotations are possible.

Subbiah and Morchan, (1973): A note on response of Lablab (Dolichos Lablab niger var. typicus) to N.P.K.
Karivaratharaju et al., (1975): Comparative effects of ethrel and CCC on uptake and distribution of 32P in bean (Dolichos Lablab L.) seedlings.
Hendricksen and Minson (1980): The feed intake and grazing behaviour of cattle grazing a crop of Lablab pur pureus c v. Rongai.
Wood, (1983): Lablab bean (Lablab purpureus) for grain and forage production in the Ord irrigated area.
Hendricksen and Minson (1985): Growth, canopy structure and chemical composition of Lablab purpureus cv. Rongai at Samford, S. E. Queensland.
Khurana and Singh, (1987): Performance of different Dolichos lablab L. cultivars under Hisar conditions
Ojeda et al., (1990): Mixtures of grass and legumes for improving nutritive value of tropical silages. 1. Utilization of Dolichos.
Singh et al., (1990). Water harvesting studies under rainfed conditions in relation to growth and yield of sem.
Kim, et al., (1992): Growth response of dwarf Lablab bean (Lablab purpureus) to sowing date and photoperiod.
Noor, et al., (1992): Effect of fertilizer and organic manure on the yield of hyacinth bean.
Ruiz et al., (1992): Intercropping in established guinea grass. 1. Dolichos (Lablab purpureus).
Sistachs, et al., (1992): Effect of seed dosage and time of seasonal culture intercropping in Guinea grass establishement. 1.
Ibrahim et al., (1993): Intercropping of Pioneer sorghum with Lablab purpureus under irrigation at Shambat.
Ruiz et al., (1994): Differed temporary crop inter-cropping in a star grass grassland. II. Dolichos.
Ibrahim, (1994): Influence of nitrogen application and stage of harvesting on the dry matter production of Sorghum sudanense Lablab purpureus mixture in Central Sudan.
Trustinah and Kasno (1996): Identification of component technology for yield optimalized on lablab (Dolichos lablab).
Rao and Rao, (1997): Influence of Cobalt nitrate on growth and yield of bush bean (Dolichos lablab) under moisture stress.
Veeranna et al., (1997): Influence of weed control methods on yield attributes and yield of field bean.
Peng-YouLin et al., (1999): Effect of plant density and fertilizer on yield of early Dolichos lablab.
Uddin, et al., (1998): Studies on phenology and fruiting behaviour in Lablab bean.
Agyemang et al., (2000): Trade − offs between forage yields and field quality of Lablab purpureus and milk yield in relation to planting and harvesting schedules.
Arf et al., (2000): Effects of sowing times of velvet bean and Lablab, intercropped with corn.
Barnadina et al., (2001): Effect of sowing Lablab bean cv. Rongai under a maize crop on dry yield and chemical composition of maize and Lablab leaves in Kupang.
Carsky et al., (2001): Effect of phosphorus application in legume cover crop rotation on subsequent maize in Savanna Zone of West Africa.
Sheshu et al., (2001): The effects of plant population density on the growth and chemical composition of Lablab purpureus grown for fodder production in a semi-arid region.
Sheshu et al., (2001): Yield and chemical composition responses of Lablab purpureus to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
Sheshu et al., (2001): The effect of sowing date on the growth and nutritive value of Lablab purpureus.
Sheshu et al., (2001): The effect of timing of an interim harvest on the yield and composition of Lablab purpureus.
Abdel et al., (2002): Studies on the effect of salinity, drought stress and soil type on nodule activities of Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet (Kashrangeag).
Pascual et al., (2002): Dolichos Lablab L.: Possibilities for protected cultivation in mild winter climates.
Diaz, et al., (2003): Performance of forage and grain production of Canavalia ensiformis, Lablab purpureus and Stizolobium niveum plantations sown in September.
Gbaraneh, et al., (2004): The influence of Lablab on grain and fodder yield of maize in a humid forest region of Nigeria.
Haque et al., (2004): Studies on intercropping few winter vegetables with Lablab bea.
Hruszka and Kurowski (2004): Role of chemical and pro-ecological ways of weed regulation in protection of field bean against diseases.
Yusufali (2005): Response of field bean (Dolichos lablab l.) genotypes to date of sowing and seed rate for fodder production and quality.
Bedsur, (2006): Effect of phosphorus, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and growth regulators on seed yield and quality of field bean.
Ewansiha et al., (2006): Potential Lablab purpureus accessions for crop-live-stock production in the West African Savanna.
Cheruiyot, et al., (2007): Rapid decay of Dolichos residue leads to loss of nitrogen benefit to succeeding maize.
Khalid et al. (2008): Minerals composition of hyacinth bean (Dolichos hyacinth L.) seeds as influenced by Bradyrhizobium inoculation and/or chicken manure or sulphur fertilization.
Ravinaik et al. (2012): Performance of dolichos bean genotypes (Dolichos lablab L.).
Amole et al. (2013): Herbage yield and quality of Lablab Purpureus during the late dry season in western Nigeria.